Health care utilization and costs for children and adults with duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Teoh LJ, Geelhoed EA, Bayley K, Leonard H, Laing NG. Health care utilization and costs for children and adults with duchenne muscular dystrophy. Muscle & nerve 2016;53:877-84

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an incurable neuromuscular disorder of childhood. Healthcare, caregiving, and other resource needs of affected individuals are thought to be substantial; however, the economic burden associated with DMD has not yet been assessed specifically in Australia.

METHODS: Australian households with a child with DMD were asked to complete a cross-sectional survey. Data were collected on annual resource utilization including hospital and medical services, equipment, home modifications, informal care, and working days lost.

RESULTS: Mean healthcare costs were found to be $10,046 Australian dollars per affected individual and were markedly higher than average Australian health expenditures at each age group. The mean total cost was $46,700 (median $32,300), with healthcare costs contributing 22% of total costs.

CONCLUSIONS: The annual economic cost of DMD was found to be high, reflecting a significant socioeconomic burden, especially in boys who reach adulthood, where household resource use and caregiving burden is highest.

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