Connolly AM, Florence JM, Cradock MM, et al. Motor and cognitive assessment of infants and young boys with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: results from the Muscular Dystrophy Association DMD Clinical Research Network. Neuromuscular Disord 2013;23:529-39
Therapeutic trials in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) exclude young boys because traditional outcome measures rely on cooperation. The Bayley III Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (Bayley III) have been validated in developing children and those with developmental disorders but have not been studied in DMD. Expanded Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale (HFMSE) and North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA) may also be useful in this young DMD population. Clinical evaluators from the MDA-DMD Clinical Research Network were trained in these assessment tools. Infants and boys with DMD (n = 24; 1.9 +/- 0.7 years) were assessed. The mean Bayley III motor composite score was low (82.8 +/- 8; p </= .0001) (normal = 100 +/- 15). Mean gross motor and fine motor function scaled scores were low (both p </= .0001). The mean cognitive comprehensive (p=.0002), receptive language (p </= .0001), and expressive language (p = .0001) were also low compared to normal children. Age was negatively associated with Bayley III gross motor (r = -0.44; p = .02) but not with fine motor, cognitive, or language scores. HFMSE (n=23) showed a mean score of 31 +/- 13. NSAA (n = 18 boys; 2.2 +/- 0.4 years) showed a mean score of 12 +/- 5. Outcome assessments of young boys with DMD are feasible and in this multicenter study were best demonstrated using the Bayley III.