Nishizawa H, Matsukiyo A, Shiba N, Koinuma M, Nakamura A. The effect of wearing night splints for one year on the standing motor function of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Journal of physical therapy science 2018;30:576-579
The effect of wearing night splints on standing motor function was assessed. Night splints may improve standing motor function. It must, however, be noted that the study was performed in only nine boys, divided over two groups.
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of night splints on the standing motor function and ankle dorsiflexion angles of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD).
[Subjects and Methods] Nine boys (age <11 years) with DMD were divided into the sufficiently-wearing group and the insufficiently-wearing group, according to how often they wore their splint for one year. We evaluated the changes between the pre-implementation and the one-year-after assessments of both the sufficiently-wearing group and the insufficiently-wearing group for the ankle dorsiflexion angle, North Star Ambulatory Assessment, 10-m running time, and time to stand from the floor.
[Results] Only the left dorsiflexion angle of the ankle showed significantly difference for the sufficiently-wearing group. For other indicators, there were tendency toward improvement and maintenance in the sufficiently-wearing group.
[Conclusion] The standing motor function improved significantly in some patients in the sufficiently-wearing group, suggesting that wearing night splints may promote the improvement and/or maintain of standing motor function in patients with DMD.